The famous Edinburgh Castle, one of Scotland's most important landmarks, stands on Castle Rock overlooking the capital.
Castle Rock has formed through lava and ice ages, offering a platform about 80 m above the city grounds. On three sides the hill drops steeply, only from the east it can be reached easily. These conditions made Castle Rock the ideal place for a castle early on. Possibly already in the 7th century, but in any case in the 11th century there was a castle on Castle Rock. The oldest preserved building of the castle today, the St. Margaret's Chapel, dates from the early 12th century. In the course of time the castle was destroyed and rebuilt several times. Under the rule of the Stuart family, Edinburgh Castle became an important royal castle in the 14th century. In the castle is the legendary "Stone of Scone", on which numerous Scottish and English kings were crowned. The "One O'Clock Gun", which is fired daily at 1 o'clock according to old tradition, is also well known. In the past, seafarers aligned their chronometers with the cannon. In August, the "Edinburgh Military Tattoo" takes place every year on the forecourt of the castle, which mainly shows performances of military music. The castle can be visited.