Travel Guide United States of America

  • Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, California Photo: CC0, pixabay.com
  • Arches National Park, Utah Photo: CC0, pixabay.com
  • Statue of Liberty, New York Photo: CC0, pixabay.com
  • Yosemite National Park, California Photo: CC0, pixabay.com
  • Brooklyn Bridge, New York City Photo: CC0, pixabay.com
  • Arches National Park, Utah Photo: CC0, pixabay.com
  • Colorado River, Grand Canyon, Arizona Photo: CC0, pixabay.com
  • Monument Valley, Arizona Photo: CC0, pixabay.com

United States of America

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The United States of America is in many ways a unique travel destination. The world's third largest country stretches from arctic Alaska to tropical Hawaii and spreads across 50 states. The eventful history of the immigrants from all parts of the world brings an incomparable cultural wealth to the nation.

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New England and Mid-Atlantic States

The region in the northeast of the United States bears its name in memory of the Pilgrim Fathers who immigrated to America in 1620. The area is formed by the present states of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine.

New England is not only worth a visit for lovers of Victorian architecture. Two of the most famous universities in the United States are located there: the Harvard University in Boston and the Yale University in New Haven. On the natural side, the Acadia Park in Maine and Cape Cod in Massachusetts should not go unmentioned – and what would a trip to New England be without having experienced the famous "Indian Summer"?

The gap between New England and the Souths is closed by the so-called Mid-Atlantic States. These include New York with the eponymous capital, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, where the Declaration of Independence was drawn up in 1776 and the first constitution in 1787.

Southern States

Jazz music, Cajun cuisine, Mardi Gras – the American southern states can be proud of their vibrant and ubiquitous cultural heritage. Today, there is only a geographical border. Less than 200 years ago, however, there was the Mason-Dixon Line, which separated the urban northern states from the agriculturally dominated south ("Dixieland").

Until the American Civil War in the 1860s, a small white upper class lived in the "Deep South". The extensive antebellum estates were most often surrounded by cotton or sugar cane plantations and worked on by a considerable number of slaves.

According to today's definition, the following states belong to the south of the USA: Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Arkansas, Tennessee and Virginia.

A strictly geographical view would also include Oklahoma, Kentucky, West Virginia, Delaware and Maryland – although historically these were not part of the Confederation.

Must-sees in the southern states are the tropical marshlands in the Everglades (Florida) or the Bayous at the Mississippi Delta (Louisiana). Cities like New Orleans, Memphis and Nashville are a good tip for music enthusiasts. The extensive sandy beaches on the Gulf of Mexico offer recreation.

The Southwest

Southwest is the term commonly used to describe those states that are geographically located in the south of the USA, but were not involved in the American Civil War. These include New Mexico and Arizona – due to the very similar landscape, Utah and Nevada are also frequently included.

In Arizona there are important natural monuments like the Grand Canyon National Park, the Monument Valley, Sedona and the Antelope Canyon. If we cross the border to New Mexico, we can admire White Sands, El Malpais and Shiprock – and discover some historic Pueblo villages.

Utah is especially known for its five national parks (Zion, Bryce Canyon, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef and Arches), which are not called "Mighty 5" for nothing. The Wasatch Chain stretches around the capital Salt Lake City with ski resorts that stand up to international comparison.

Las Vegas may not be the capital of Nevada, but with its dazzling nightlife it is without any doubt the epitome of the otherwise rather barren Southwest. In the Death Valley National Park at the Californian border you have reached the lowest point of the American continent with 85 m below sea level.

Also at the Californian border stretches the Lake Tahoe region: There the desert state merges into the "Cowboy Country" with its wide, grassy plains and crystal clear lakes. Where today the US50 runs, in 1860 the riders of the famous Pony Express were transporting mail from east to west.

Midwest and Great Plains

The term "Midwest" or "Heartland" refers to the states east of the Great Lakes. Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota have a direct share in one of them.

Huron, Erie, Ontario, Superior, Michigan – these are the five Great Lakes between the United States and Canada. Particularly worth seeing are the Niagara Falls between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.

Further west, the country descends continuously to the Great Plains, where today's states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa and Missouri are located. This is where the classic American prairie stretches out with its extensive grass steppe, once crossed by large herds of wild bison and now used intensively for agriculture.

North and South Dakota are characterized by the Badlands, a strongly eroded landscape full of canyons, so-called "buttes" and "hoodoos". At Mount Rushmore in South Dakota you can find the portraits of four great American presidents carved in stone.

Mountain States

Wyoming, Montana, Colorado and Idaho are often called "Mountain States" due to their share of the Rocky Mountains. Only sparsely populated, the imposing mountain landscape is the main focus here. National parks like Glacier, Grand Teton and Yellowstone are definitely worth seeing.

Depending on the definition, Utah and Nevada (sometimes even New Mexico and Arizona) also belong to the Mountain States – after all, like their northern neighbours, they are located on the border between the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains.

Pacific Northwest and California

The Pacific Northwest comprises the states of Oregon and Washington and extends up to British Columbia in Canada. The region is best known for its mountainous landscapes, some of which still contain active volcanoes.

Notable are for example the Cascade Chain with the highest elevation in Washington, Mount Rainier, or Mount Mazama in Crater Lake National Park. In contrast, there is a maritime coastal strip that stretches as far as California in the south.

California is excluded from most regional definitions – the landscape and vegetation are extremely diverse in relation to the size of the state. They range from the alpine mountain landscape in Yosemite National Park and forests of giant sequoias to fertile valleys, sandy beaches and even deserts.

However, the "Golden State" also plays a special role due to its settlement history. Already in 1850 – and thus long before the other western regions – the territory was declared the 31st federal state of the USA. This is not least due to the gold rush, which attracted several hundred thousands of people.

State · United States of America

California

Landscape in Yosemite National Park
California is undoubtedly the state that embodies the very essence of America. Named after an imaginary paradise island, ...
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Alaska, Hawaii and territories

What remains are two states that cannot be more different: Alaska and Hawaii. Located in the extreme north and southwest of the USA, they have one thing in common: Since 1959 they have been the 49th and 50th federal state of the USA.

Alaska is still largely undeveloped for tourism. The Denali National Park has beautiful natural landscapes for those who enjoy discovery. The Inside Passage captivates by its wonderfully formed fjord landscape, while between the Katmai National Park, the Kodiak Island and the Aleutian Islands many active volcanoes can still be admired.

The 137 islands of Hawaii are located about 2300 miles from the American mainland. Nevertheless, they are a popular holiday destination – especially the eight largest archipelagos Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu, Kauaʻi, Niʻihau, Maui, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi and Kahoʻolawe.

Hawaii is characterized by active volcanoes and a tropical landscape with numerous waterfalls, lakes and sandy beaches. The 2.5 mile long Waikīkī Beach at Oʻahu is particularly popular.

In addition to the 50 states, the USA also has sovereignty over several territories such as American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands and the American Virgin Islands.

All regions

Cotton field, Alabama

Alabama

The "Cotton State" Alabama is often referred to as the "cultural heart of the American Southern States".
Chugach National Forest, Alaska

Alaska

Alaska is a state that cannot be visited in a single journey. Everything here is bigger than anywhere else: huge lakes, powerful rivers, oversized forests, unstable volcanoes, fjords, eternal ice and tundra as far as the eye can see.
View of Grand Canyon, Arizona

Arizona

The wealth of this state is not limited to the majestic Grand Canyon – even though it is admittedly one of the main attractions. Arizona is full of  natural treasures.
Lake Ouachita, Arkansas

Arkansas

For those who only see Arkansas as the headquarters of Wal-Mart, it is time for a little update. Although the agricultural state is mainly a place of rest and recreation, an interesting cultural scene has emerged in recent years.
Landscape in Yosemite National Park

California

California is undoubtedly the state that embodies the very essence of America. Named after an imaginary paradise island, it was an El Dorado for many newcomers who came to seek a promised land. The Gold Rush, the first "global" event on the planet, gave it its nickname of "Golden State".
Twin Lakes, Colorado

Colorado

Colorado's natural spaces will amaze you with their diversity: sand dunes, vast forests and lakes, deep canyons, red rock formations in the southwest or rolling meadows in the northeast.
Coastline in Connecticut

Connecticut

Connecticut is the epitome of New England. Between New York and Boston, the Long Island Sound and the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, Connecticut is a landscape of pretty harbour towns, exquisite vineyards and thriving cultural centres.
Fenwick Island, Delaware

Delaware

Between Delaware Bay and Chesapeake Bay you will find the second smallest state of the USA. Despite its size, Delaware combines a wide variety of natural areas and can also look back on a rich colonial history.
Miami, Florida

Florida

Bathed by the Atlantic Ocean on one side and the Caribbean Sea on the other, Florida is a vast leisure park composed of endless beaches, nature reserves and various attractions.
Atlanta, Georgia

Georgia

Georgia is a federal state between booming economy and romantic flair. The dazzling five million metropolis of Atlanta benefits from the largest airport in the world in terms of number of passengers. Georgia's rural side shows historic Antebellum properties as if from a Southern novel. 
Mountain range, Hawaii

Hawaii

Hawaii is more than just volcanoes, beaches and waves. It is about flora and fauna, native flowers and green forests, sun and rain: This island chain of volcanoes is but multiple. There are surfers and vahines, fashion shops and solitary valleys, climbable peaks and beaches for sunbathing.
Snake River, Idaho

Idaho

Idaho is a perfect address for all nature lovers. While in the south of the country there is a wide belt of agricultural land, the rest of the "Gem State" is almost completely uninhabited.
Chicago, Illinois

Illinois

Illinois is home to the vibrant city of Chicago, the country's third largest city. Much like New York City hides its namesake state, Chicago is a bit like the tree that hides the Illinois forest.
Indiana Dunes State Park

Indiana

Stretching from the meanders of Ohio to the southern tip of Lake Michigan, Indiana is the western link between the Appalachians and the Great Lakes.
Corn field, Iowa

Iowa

The green serenity of its fields and meadows gives Iowa, whose name means "beautiful country", a rural torpor with cities that seem to be nothing more than enlarged towns.
Wheat field, Kansas

Kansas

Nicknamed "Sunflower State", Kansas is a real immersion in the history of the United States. Its eventful history makes it a center of the Conquests of the West. This state of absolute flatness, the very definitions of rural, is explored without parsimony.
Canoeing in Kentucky

Kentucky

Kentucky's history is full of drawers that you never close completely. Like the pioneers who developed these lands, we walk around, hedonists, to follow the distilleries' route in the footsteps of the Scottish and Irish emigrants who founded the first ones at the beginning of the 19th century.
Bayou, Louisiana

Louisiana

A true mix of cultures, Louisiana is lived in a romantic version with its plantations and boat trips, wilder with its bayous and alligators, to a jazz rhythm in New Orleans and always with a joie de vivre, according to Cajun tradition.
Lakelands in Maine

Maine

Maine is the largest of the 6 states that make up New England. It is overwhelmingly covered with vast forests, punctuated by more than 6000 lakes and many rivers, streams and torrents.
Great Falls, Potomac River, Maryland

Maryland

Often referred to as a "miniature America," Maryland is made up of vast and varied landscapes, picturesque villages, historic sites and maritime splendors. There are many national parks and protected forests that offer a wide range of outdoor activities and camping sites.
Boston Skyline, Massachusetts

Massachusetts

Massachusetts is a place where ocean and mountain are never far away, a place where contrast is king: from the sophisticated city of Boston, mixing history & innovation with the long wild beaches of Cape Cod, to the green hills of the Berkshires, the charming islands and the small communities of ...
Taquamenon Falls, Michigan

Michigan

You can't be more in the heart of the Great Lakes than in Michigan! If the state's capital is Lansing, it is home above all to the mythical city of Detroit, a legend for all lovers of the concept of the "self-made man" and the fabulous rise of the American automobile industry.
Boats on Lower Lake, Minneapolis

Minnesota

Nicknamed "the Land of 10,000 lakes", Minnesota surprises with its commitment to nature and urban life.
Vicksburg Bridge between Mississippi and Louisiana

Mississippi

Mississippi offers a fascinating cocktail of historical and cultural icons. This is 100% authentic deep America. The Mississippi River and cotton made its fortune as evidenced by the patrician mansions shaded by magnolias that take on their full brilliance during the Indian summer.
River in Missouri

Missouri

Missouri is a bountiful land, bathed in waterways and blessed with the memory of many gifts. A junction point between the East and West of the United States, the state is also crossed by the famous Route 66.
Mountain Landscape, Montana

Montana

The mountains and valleys of Montana have many stories to tell. From the Battle of Little Big Horn to the hot springs of Yellowstone, the state's Amerindian heritage lands are revealed in a most solemn way. As a sacred and spiritual site where nature would announce itself as a happy omen.
Fort Robinson, Nebraska

Nebraska

The pioneers simply crossed it, "on their way west", to take the title of a novel by Jim Harrison, a great lover of the Sandhills, one of Nebraska's curiosities.
Red Rock Canyon, Nevada

Nevada

Nevada is undoubtedly the most misunderstood western state in the United States. While Las Vegas' ever-changing lights and attractions are sure to dazzle visitors, the desert, with its hypnotic virtues and vast wilderness, is a mine of sensations and discoveries. One must dare to dive into it.
Torrent in the White Mountains, New Hampshire

New Hampshire

New Hampshire surprises at first sight by its natural diversity. From the White Mountains to the Great Northern Woods, not to mention the fishing trips in one of the 273 lakes, the exuberant nature of this neighboring state of Quebec is an adventure.
Buttermilk Falls, New Jersey

New Jersey

New Jersey's proximity to New York is both an opportunity for this state in economic terms, but also a hindrance, since it prevents it from making itself known and appreciated for its true value.  New Jersey has miles of beautiful beaches and bucolic landscapes of forests and lakes.
White Sands National Monument, New Mexico

New Mexico

New Mexico joins the "Four Corners", the only four-point in the United States where four states converge. Its capital is Santa Fe. Called Nuevo Mexico by the Spaniards from 1561, its name was then anglicized, becoming New Mexico. This state is one of the states with the largest open spaces.
New York City

New York

New York is a well-known state, but also full of surprises. From the thrills of deep-sea fishing off Long Island to the calm of hiking on the trails or on the water in the Adirondack Mountains, the four seasons offer activities indoors and outdoors.
Lake in North Carolina

North Carolina

Located in the southeastern United States, on the Atlantic Ocean, North Carolina has a beautiful coastline that stretches over 800 kilometers with impressive high peaks, the Appalachians. It also harbors some treasures: wild islands, castles...
Sunflower field, Traill County, North Dakota

North Dakota

Against the backdrop of the conquest of the West, North Dakota makes it possible to relive several chapters of the construction of a country united in a single state.
Columbus, Ohio

Ohio

Bordering the south coast of Lake Erie to the north and irrigated by the river flowing towards Mississippi, Ohio remains one of the most industrialized states in the country despite extensive agriculture.
Buffalos in Oklahoma

Oklahoma

Oklahoma's heritage is linked to that of Route 66, and to a patchwork of landscapes ranging from the green of the eastern forest to the red of the arid plains dotted with wind turbines.
Crater Lake, Oregon

Oregon

Oceanic to the west and continental to the east, the climate of this vast state in the American West reflects its landscapes: extremely varied. 300 miles of coastline along the Pacific Ocean offers huge beaches, breathtaking cliffs and romantic dunes.
Shohola Reservoir, Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania Wilds region is home to hundreds of thousands of acres of preserved forests and mountains, as well as the largest elk herd in the eastern United States. It is made up of 11 beautiful and varied counties, each offering a unique heritage, personality and outdoor adventures.
Sunset on a lake in Rhode Island

Rhode Island

Discover the wild, untouched nature of Rhode Island and experience unforgettable adventures. Here you will find interesting facts for your trip to this region.
Spanish Moss, South Carolina

South Carolina

Its plantations evoke its Southern identity, its cities recall its turbulent history and its independent desires, its seaside and sports resorts delight holidaymakers, its popular festivals dedicated to artistic disciplines and crafts attract crowds, its jungle landscapes, swamps and mangroves ...
Thunderstorm in Badlands National Park, South Dakota

South Dakota

For South Dakota visitors are drawn out of the cities to observe wildlife and enjoy recreation in the vast and numerous national and state parks and along scenic roads.
Twin Falls, Tennessee

Tennessee

Tennessee is a country of wooded mountains and fertile plains. It is synonymous with paddlewheel boats, whitewater rivers, log cabins and country music.
Cowboy boots at a Rodeo in Texas

Texas

Looking for the thrill of the "Wild West"? Texas will welcome you warmly. Its population has a strong personality linked to its history, both cowboy and Latino culture.

Utah

With five national parks, 43 state parks, seven national monuments, two national recreational areas and the world's most beautiful snow (The Greatest Snow on Earth®), Utah is home to the best of the Rocky Mountains and the Southwestern desert.
Burke, Vermont

Vermont

Vermont is a unique and invigorating place that values independence of spirit, kindness, a passion for sport and a certain ingenuity.
Landscape in Shenandoah National Park, VA

Virginia

From the peaks of the Appalachians to the vast fine sandy beaches of the Atlantic coast, the state of Virginia has something for everyone. Visitors will discover many outdoor adventures, historical sites, authentic museums, local cuisine, as well as no less than 22 wine routes to explore.
Seattle, Washington

Washington

Its strategic position on the Pacific coast makes Washington State. with breathtaking views of the open sea, a "natural" state with many wilderness sites that is home to three national parks and some of the oldest forests in the world.
White House, Washington D.C.

Washington, D.C.

Washington DC, the capital of the United States, is home to the White House and many solemn buildings. Imagine what happens behind these walls, passing by the Congress or the Supreme Court, admiring the Capitol dome...
Big bend of the New River, West Virginia

West Virginia

West Virginia is probably one of the wildest states in the eastern United States. Overflowing with mountains planted with forests that are always beautiful in the Indian summer and streaked with rivers and waterfalls, this state is a paradise for lovers of outdoor activities. 
Landschaft in Wisconsin

Wisconsin

At the very top of the Mid-West, bordered by immense lakes, Wisconsin was first populated by German, then Scandinavian and Swiss settlers, which gave it a somewhat unique personality in the American landscape. Rich in fertile land, it is one of the country's leading agricultural regions.
Grand Tetons, Wyoming

Wyoming

Wyoming is the living memory of what America was like in the collective imagination. It is the least populated state in the country: there are more antelopes than residents!