Hardly any other culture has shaped Norway as strongly as the Vikings. In the relatively short time from 800 to 1050 A.D. the Viking leaders managed to discover and populate the country to one and many of the surrounding islands (Iceland, Faroe Islands, Grasland, Newfoundland, Orkney, Shetland).
The most famous testimonies from medieval Norway are the stave churches. It was not until the end of the 13th century that the pagan religions of Scandinavia were almost completely ousted by Christianity. For this reason, numerous pagan elements such as scorpion fish and odind representations can still be found inside the 33 stave churches that still exist today. The oldest stave church is located near Urnes on the Norwegian Sognefjord.
Important terms in Norway's history are "shipping" and "Hanseatic League". The most important commodity shipped to Lübeck by German traders was dried fish from northern Norway. Today, the Bryggen district of Bergen is a reminder of the Hanseatic era. Norwegian explorers also set sail into the world's oceans by ship. For example the polar researchers Fridtjof Nansen, Otto Sverdrup and Roald Amundsen, whose history can be followed in the Frammuseum in Oslo.