The Australian continent consists to a large extent of deserts and tableland. Due to extreme temperatures and persistent drought, the centre of the country (Outback) is almost uninhabitable.
The further one gets towards the coast, the more diverse the landscapes become. While the federal state Queensland located at the north-east has some Caribbean appearing islands with white sand beaches and coral reefs in front of them, in the north of Australia there is tropical rain forest. The south belongs to the temperate climate zone.
The geographical isolation of Australia has led to the fact that many endemic animal and plant species are still preserved in their original form. Especially the marsupials as kangaroos, koalas and wombats are worth mentioning. Unique in the world are also egg-laying mammals such as the platypus. Australia's insect and reptile population is also extremely diverse – and extremely poisonous.