- Austria 971 via ferratas
- Belgium 15 via ferratas
- Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 via ferratas
- France 35 via ferratas
- Germany 406 via ferratas
- Italy 873 via ferratas
- Norway 8 via ferratas
- Slovenia 41 via ferratas
- Spain 10 via ferratas
- Switzerland 178 via ferratas
What is a via Ferrata?
Via ferratas are mostly steep climbing routes that are equipped with steel ropes, steppins, stairs, ladders and brackets that lead up rock faces.
The popularity of this climb method has increased significantly in recent years. As a result, numerous new facilities were built in the Alpine region, including so-called sport climbing routes. Here you can often find ladders, flying foxes, Nepal footbridges and rope bridges. As this type of climbing is becoming more and more popular, new and spectacular trails are opened each year.
Children also have the opportunity to climb steep cliffs on specially constructed paths, provided they are properly secured, of course.
The three essential pieces of equipment for a via Ferrata tour are a hip belt, a helmet and a via ferrata set.
Modern via ferrata sets have a so-called Y-shape. They consist of two separate branches with elastic and snap hooks and a central energy absorber. Thanks to the double safety device, the climber is always secured with at least one carabiner on the steel cable if operated correctly. If a fall occurs while climbing, the energy absorber stops the climber from falling and can save his or her life.
The via ferrata set is attached to the tie-in loop of the hip belt with a pocket stitch. In addition to the sole use of a hip belt, it is also advisable to use a chest belt - which must be connected to the hip belt with a hose strap. Uncontrolled falls in the supine position and injuries to the back of the head and spine can be significantly reduced.
A = Easy flat to steep, mostly rocky or interspersed with rocks, exposed passages possible
B = Moderately difficult steep rocky terrain, sometimes small steps, with exposed spots
C = Difficult steep to very steep rocky terrain, mostly small steps, longer or very often exposed passages
D = Very Difficult vertical, often overhanging terrain; mostly very exposed
E = Extremely difficult vertical to overhanging; exposed throughout; very small steps or friction climbing
F = Expert primarily overhanging; exposed; very small steps or friction climbing