Cotton field, Alabama
Orange Beach, Alabama
Mardi Gras, Mobile, Alabama
Old farm house, Alabama
The "Cotton State" Alabama is often referred to as the "cultural heart of the American Southern States". With the Appalachians in the north, the white sandy beaches on the Gulf of Mexico and the fertile farmland in the Black Belt around Selma and Montgomery, the state unites many different landscapes.
Discover the region
Even today, deep traces of the plantation economy can be found in Alabama. Especially in the south, on the way from Florida to Mississippi, you can visit antebellum estates, where the white upper class resided in times of slavery.
Alabama's capital, Montgomery, became the center of attention in 1861, when the Confederacy broke away from the rest of the United States – triggering the American Civil War. About a century later, Montgomery played an important role in the struggle for equality – when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a public bus, or as the place where Pastor Martin Luther King Jr. worked.
At the time of its foundation in 1702, Mobile was the first capital of today's neighbouring state Louisiana. To this day, the city is regarded as the birthplace of Mardi Gras, the carnival typical of the American southern states, which is celebrated with masquerades, brass bands and huge, colourfully decorated floats.
In Birmingham, art lovers visit one of the most important collections in the southern states: the Birmingham Museum of Art. Muscle Shoals houses one of the world's most renowned recording studios for music productions. Celebrities such as Aretha Franklin, the Rolling Stones, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Paul Simon and Rod Stewart have recorded their hits here.
Alabama includes several protected areas, including the Little River Canyon National Preserve in Fort Payne, the Horseshoe Bend National Military Park in Davidson and the Russell Cave National Monument in Bridgeport. Tuskegee has two historic parks: the Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site and the Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site.