In German-speaking countries, Winnetou is an absolute classic among adventure stories – no matter whether novel or film. The mentioning of the name immediately reminds one of the famous Apache chief riding through the vast prairie on his stallion Iltschi, carrying his famous rifle and of course accompanied by his blood brother Old Shatterhand. Cowboys and villains, saloons and remote farms complete the cliché of the American Wild West. There is only one slight problem: Winnetou’s Wild West is neither in the West nor American! In fact, a majority of the film sets are located in present-day Croatia.