Start Stories The life and work of Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona
Add to list
 Share
Report

The life and work of Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona

(2) from Lena Wiesler • 2017-05-05 • Report
  • The view over Barcelona from Park Güell
    The view over Barcelona from Park Güell
    Photo: Angelo Ambodli, Flickr.com; CC-BY-ND 2.0
A master at work

Assymmetrical layouts, slanting pillars, curved lines, pristine forms and colorful ceramic tiles on top: The Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí was an exceptional representative of the Catalan movement of the Modernismo and still characterizes the cityscape of Barcelona like no other.



Urban Walk In Antoni Gaudí's footsteps through Barcelona

Barcelona-View over the city from Park Güell
2015-09-23
Urban Walk Urban Walk • Spain
easy
11 km
3:00 hrs
176 m
176 m
from Svenja Rödig,  Outdooractive Redaktion

Anyone strolling through the Catalan city will come across the Catalan architect wherever he goes. There are numerous works to be found in Barcelona made by the artist born on June 25th 1852, as for instance Casa Batlló, Park Güell or Sagrada Família. His whole life took place in this city: He studied there, he lived there and, more importantly, he developed his architectural masterpieces there. Whoever walks around with their eyes wide open, will discover Gaudí's unique style throughout this entire city: Round, organic forms with unconventional and expetional patterns interspersed with foral elements. One will search in vain for right angles in Gaudí's works.

Creative buildings

Architecture Casa Vicens

The colorful facade of Casa Vicens
Architecture Architecture • Barcelona
Barcelona
Casa Vicens (1883-1888) was Atoni Gaudí’s first work. It was a task from the wealthy ...
from Lena Wiesler,  Outdooractive Redaktion

In Barecelona’s center you often pass outstanding secular buildings. Casa Vicens (1883-1888) was the first big independent project of the young architect. It combines the traditional Spanish architecture and century-old Arabic traditions. The building already shows a few typical basic elements like near natural shapes or lighting colors. Casa Calvet (1898-1900) is known as the most conventional building of Gaudí. The rather inconspicuous building convinces with elegancy and the facades seem to be symmetric and harmonious, which is really untypical for Gaudí.

Architecture Casa Calvet

Facade of Casa Calvet
Architecture Architecture • Barcelona
Barcelona
Casa Calvet (1989-1900) in the center of Barcelona is a quite inconspicuous building with baroque ...
from Lena Wiesler,  Outdooractive Redaktion

Architecture Casa Batlló

Casa Batlló at night
Architecture Architecture • Barcelona
Barcelona
Between 1904 and 1906 Antoni Gaudí completely restored this dwelling including the facade ...
from Catalan Tourist Board,  Catalan Tourist Board

Casa Milà

Architecture Casa Milà ("La Pedrera")

Casa Milà at night
Architecture Architecture • Barcelona
Barcelona
Casa Milà is a replication of eroded shapes. All elements seem to be organic and the building ...
from Catalan Tourist Board,  Catalan Tourist Board

Frisky roofs, colorful mosaics and creative facades are typical elements of Casa Batlló (1904-1906) and Casa Milà (1906-1910) which belong to the UNESCO world heritage since 1984. Everything seems to be moving at Casa Batlló, the facades seem to spring up and sparkle like the sea’s surface. Casa Milà probably is Gaudí’s most famous building. When the unique building was completed in 1910, the Barceloneses named it “La Pedara” - which means quarry – although the large-pored and wavy facade rather reminds you of a sandy beach. As Gaudí always considers his buildings as a total artwork he also designed the interior details building. Especially on the roof of Casa Milà his attention to details can be seen. Here you can find a phantom society of chimneys and ventilation shafts in which you can see spooky figures.

Gaudí constructions – The principal of the hanging chain models

Chapel Colònia Güell – Crypt

Colònia Güell
Chapel Chapel • Barcelona
Barcelona
The crypt constructed by Antoní Gaudí in Colònia Güell in 1908, an ...
from Catalan Tourist Board,  Catalan Tourist Board

When constructing a big building it is important that the carrying elements are only burdened by pressure. Bending forces would endanger the building’s stability. This fact is based on the simpel principal of the inversion of the catenary. A chain is not bending resistant this means it is only stable when it is burdened by tensile forces. Planning his carrying structures Gaudí often used the method der hanging chain models which are based on the chain principal. For this purpose he made models of fibers and grist-filled bags which are pulled in a stable form by gravity. The buildings only differ by the sense of direction of pressure from his later buildings. If a hanging chain model is turned by 180° the catenaries which are under tractive forces becomes a pressure line stabilizing itself. In this manner Gaudí was able to realize his complicated forms without sophisticated calculations and with a minimum of material. This construction, which is also known as the Catalonian vault, can be found in several buildings like in the Colonia Güell church.

Park Güell

Park Park Güell

Bench-Park Güell
Park Park • Barcelona
Barcelona
Originally, the banker Eusebi Güell wanted to have a garden city built. But Gaudí only ...
from Catalan Tourist Board,  Catalan Tourist Board

Gaudí’s work is closely linked to his mentor, the industrial Eusebi Güell. It’s due to him that Gaudí received plenty of his task and also a great part of his popularity and prestige.

In 1885 Eusebi Güell bought a site located above Barcelona with a view over the city. Five years later Antoni Gaudí should build a garden city. But the 60 originally planned villas found no prospective buyer, therefore only two houses and a garden were built. Building the park Gaudí avoided earthworks he simply adapted his plans to the hilly ground. That’s the reason why every single element integrates into the scenery so that a natural impression is created. Apart from the Cathedral Sagrada Família the Güell Park, which was declared as world heritage in 1984, was Gaudí’s biggest project.

Cathedral Sagrada Família

The probably most famous work of Antoni Gaudí is the Cathedral Sagrada Família. Although the construction is still not completed it is the landmark of the city. In 1883 Antoni Gaudí took the lead of the construction works. Between 1914 and 1926 he completely committed himself to the Sagrada Família until he was killed by a tram on his way to the construction site. He was buried in the Krypta of the cathedral to find peace in the place where he worked most of his life. The crypt and the facade depicting Christ’s birth became UNESCO world heritage in 1984. In 2010 the Sagrada Família was consecrated and honored with the title Basilica Minor by Pope Benedikt XVI.


outdooractive.com User
Author
Lena Wiesler
Updated: 2017-05-05

Community


 Comment
outdooractive.com User
Publish
Hartmut Wimmer
2015-10-08
Schaut echt gut aus, die Architektur von dem Gaudi. Und eine wunderschöne Geschichte.
Reviews

Yves Loris
2015-09-28
Reviews

Discover story on map

Map / The life and work of Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona

Keywords

Top story Place of excursions
  • 7 Related contents

Park Park Güell

Bench-Park Güell
Park Park • Barcelona
Barcelona
Originally, the banker Eusebi Güell wanted to have a garden city built. But Gaudí only ...
from Catalan Tourist Board,  Catalan Tourist Board

Architecture Casa Vicens

The colorful facade of Casa Vicens
Architecture Architecture • Barcelona
Barcelona
Casa Vicens (1883-1888) was Atoni Gaudí’s first work. It was a task from the wealthy ...
from Lena Wiesler,  Outdooractive Redaktion

Architecture Casa Calvet

Facade of Casa Calvet
Architecture Architecture • Barcelona
Barcelona
Casa Calvet (1989-1900) in the center of Barcelona is a quite inconspicuous building with baroque ...
from Lena Wiesler,  Outdooractive Redaktion

Architecture Casa Batlló

Casa Batlló at night
Architecture Architecture • Barcelona
Barcelona
Between 1904 and 1906 Antoni Gaudí completely restored this dwelling including the facade ...
from Catalan Tourist Board,  Catalan Tourist Board

Architecture Casa Milà ("La Pedrera")

Casa Milà at night
Architecture Architecture • Barcelona
Barcelona
Casa Milà is a replication of eroded shapes. All elements seem to be organic and the building ...
from Catalan Tourist Board,  Catalan Tourist Board

Urban Walk In Antoni Gaudí's footsteps through Barcelona

Barcelona-View over the city from Park Güell
2015-09-23
Urban Walk Urban Walk • Spain
easy
11 km
3:00 hrs
176 m
176 m
from Svenja Rödig,  Outdooractive Redaktion

Chapel Colònia Güell – Crypt

Colònia Güell
Chapel Chapel • Barcelona
Barcelona
The crypt constructed by Antoní Gaudí in Colònia Güell in 1908, an ...
from Catalan Tourist Board,  Catalan Tourist Board
  • 7 Related contents