Sierra Nevada from Alqeuría de Fargue near Granada
Discover the region
The nature of the Sierra Nevada has been protected as a national park since 1999 and has been designated as a biosphere reserve since 1986. The highest peak of the high mountains is the Mulhacén with 3,482 m. From the last Ice Age, glacial forms, like raised bogs or moraines, have been preserved. In the Sierra Nevada, the abrupt transition of the different types of rock is clearly visible: The limestone layers are abrupt and strongly formed by erosion, while the crystalline parts appear rather round and flat. In the mountains, five vegetation levels are distinguished, from the lowest Mediterranean level with evergreen deciduous trees, conifers and dwarf shrubs to the montane level with alpine grasses.
In the high mountains, you can set off on wonderful exploratory routes, marvel at the impressive Mediterranean flora and observe mountain goats and numerous bird species. In the warm months, hikers and mountain bikers are the main visitors to the Sierra Nevada, in the cold months, the snow-covered mountains are also popular with winter sports enthusiasts.